Toyota has started building diesel engines at its engine plants in Valenciennes, France and Deeside, U.K. Starting today, the French plant will have the capacity to assemble 30,000 units of the 1.4 D-4D diesel engine annually, in addition to 150,000 petrol engines, for the Toyota Yaris. Toyota's U.K. plant started production of diesel engines in early January. In 2003, the U.K. plant will build 70,500 2.0 litre D-4D engines, on top of 330,000 VVT-i petrol engines, for the Toyota Corolla and the new Toyota Avensis. Diesel engine production in the U.K. is expected to rise to 100,000 units in 2004. Recently, Toyota announced it will start production of diesel engines in early 2005 in a new plant in Poland with an annual capacity of 120,000 units.
The extra engine capacity is in response to the increasing demand in Europe for diesel-equipped cars and will play an important role in aiding Toyota achieve its target of selling 800,000 units annually by 2005 at the latest.
The Valenciennes car plant saw the 200,000th Yaris roll off the production line on January 3, 2003. The car plant has been making Yaris models since January 31, 2001, and increased capacity to 184,000 units last November. Now, one Toyota Yaris is produced every minute at the Valenciennes plant. For its part, Toyota's manufacturing operations in the U.K. celebrated its 10th anniversary on December 16, 2002.
By 2004, Toyota will be in a position to build over 500,000 vehicles, 830,000 engines and 550,000 transmissions per year in Europe, at its production sites in France, the U.K., Poland and Turkey. In addition, Toyota and PSA Peugeot Citroën will start manufacturing 300,000 entry-level small passenger cars in the Czech Republic starting in 2005, of which 100,000 will be for the Toyota brand.
Toyota has a long history of developing technology for cleaner diesel engines. Its common rail diesel engines (D-4D) are among the most fuel efficient on the market today. In 1995, Toyota produced the world's first common-rail diesel engine. In early 2002, the company launched the Toyota D-CAT concept, a revolutionary diesel emissions purification system. The most notable feature of Toyota D-CAT is Toyota's DPNR (Diesel Particulate and NOx reduction system), a "world first" single-catalyst system that reduces particulate matter and nitrogen oxides in diesel exhaust emissions without the use of any additives. The mass production of diesel Toyotas equipped with Toyota D-CAT is scheduled to begin in 2003.